ELECTIONS AND POLITICAL PARTIES
An election can simply be defined as a formal decision making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Everyone has the right to elect the government of his/her country by secret vote. Elections keep a democratic country functioning, as they give people the right to select their own government. A country cannot be truly democratic until its citizens have the opportunity to choose their representatives through elections that are free and fair.
In my country, citizens over the age of 18 are required to vote for their preferred political parties during elections. The Federal Republic of Nigeria has a multi-party system. The largest by National Assembly seats are the All Progressives Congress (APC) and the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). There are also a number of smaller parties, the largest of which are All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) and Young Progressives Party (YPP) as well as others including the African Democratic Congress (ADC), People’s Redemption Party (PRP), Social Democratic Party (SDP), and eleven other parties registered with the Independent National Electoral Commission. Through elections, the citizens of Nigeria can choose a government that will work towards the happiness and blooming of the country. In my opinion, free and fair can be achieved by not selling our votes and avoiding unnecessary arguments as regards the right candidate to vote for. Individuals should decide the best candidate and cast their vote accordingly. We shouldn’t wait for some set of party personnel to lure us into collecting money in order to sell our vote. After exercising his/her franchise, people should leave the voting unit immediately after casting the vote. The government should also make sure there is adequate security of lives during and after election. If all the aforementioned are observed by Nigerians, the elections will not only be free and fair but credible as well.