Evolution of human rights, protection of human rights in time of war
The concept of Human rights and security is based on recognising that all individuals are equal in the eyes of laws and are subject to dignity and rights. … The evolution of Human rights started from the time immemorial leading to most of the countries adopting the notion of rights to all.
Human Rights have continued to evolve and, since its foundation, the United Nations has adopted more than 20 principal treaties including conventions to prevent and prohibit specific abuses like torture and genocide and to protect particularly vulnerable populations, such as refugees. The so-called “Three Generations Theory of Human Rights”—known for dividing human rights into three separate generations based on (1) civil and political rights; (2) economic, social and cultural rights; and (3) collective or solidarity rights—turns 40 this month.
Human rights constitute a set of rights and duties necessary for the protection of human dignity, inherent to all human beings, irrespective of nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. These include the right to life, the right to a fair trial, freedom from torture and other cruel and inhuman treatment, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the rights to health, education and an adequate standard of living.
Human rights are basic rights that belong to all of us simply because we are human. They embody key values in our society such as fairness, dignity, equality and respect. … Most importantly, these rights give us power and enable us to speak up and to challenge poor treatment from a public authority. The right to equality and freedom from discrimination. The right to life, liberty, and personal security.
The Act applies to: all public authorities, and. all other bodies, whether public or private, performing public functions. The Human Rights Act protects you from discrimination in connection with your human rights under the Act. This means your human rights mustn’t be breached or protected differently because of certain things like sex, disability and race. This protection is wider than that of the Equality Act 2010.
Sumy State University