The deep nature of human rights
From birth, an individual is endowed with certain rights we know as “human rights.” These are not rights granted by the government of a state but are inalienable rights to which everyone is naturally entitled at birth. All individuals are protected irrespective of any distinctions such as race, skin colour, gender, language, religion, political and other opinions, national or social
origin, property, or title.
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality,
ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and
liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.
The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality are rights we have as citizens of a political state, civil rights. Civil rights include the right to life, the inviolability of individual
dignity and honour, the right to freedom and privacy, the right to move, the right to residence,the right to a fair trial, the presumption of innocence, etc.
International human rights law lays down the obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of
individuals or groups.
But in recent decades, the armed conflict has blighted the lives of millions of civilians.
International severe humanitarian and human rights violations are common in many armed conflicts. In certain circumstances, some of these violations may even constitute evicting people
by force from their homes, genocide, war crimes or crimes against humanity. There are certain instances where our civil rights are restricted like on persons charged with or convicted of criminal offences, access to areas of environmental significance, access to areas such asearthquake zones and quarantine zones and prohibitions on unlicensed access to private
EMMANUEL OSEZUA IDIALU, SUMY STATE UNIVERSITY, STUDENT FROM NIGERIA